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II

 

 

 

 

.2.7-51-96 10060.4-95

( 10060.4-95)

 

 

 

 

 

 

ii堠

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i 蠠 -

i -

i蠠

 


 

1 ɠ 1

 

i젠 -- --

i i i-- -

i i ii i- - -

(), 젠 (), -

ii i i- -

iii i

ii⠠ i iii⠠ -

i Ӡ ()

i i ()

 

ɠ i i ͠

 

2 ɠ 2

 

i -i- 頠 -

ii i i -頠 頠

i i ⠠

ii () 22 -

1995 . () 22 1995 .

 

------------------------------- -------------------------------

| | | |堠 | |

|蠠 | - | |ࠠ | - |

| | | | | |

| |i i- | | | |

| |젠 | | |- |

| | | | |젠 |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|- |䠠 | |- |頠 |

| i| | | | |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|iࠠ |i- | |ࠠ |- |

|ii |蠠 | | | |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|iࠠ |i䠠 | |ࠠ |頠 |

| | | | | |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|ࠠ |䠠 | | |頠 |

|iࠠ | | |ࠠ | |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|iࠠ |i䠠 | |ࠠ | |

|ࠠ | | |ࠠ | |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|iࠠ |i䠠 | | |頠 |

|i | | | | |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|iࠠ |䠠 | |ࠠ |頠 |

| | | | | |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|iࠠ |i- | |ࠠ |- |

| |䠠 | | |頠 |

|-----------------------------| |-----------------------------|

|ࠠ |i-| |ࠠ |- |

| | | | ||

------------------------------- -------------------------------


3 ɠ Š 3 ͠

i

i 1.11.1996 . N 189

 

 

-

i 蠠 -

i, - -

頠  頠 ꠠ , -

ii -

i 蠠 -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

i򠠠

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1 .........1 1 ..........1

2 i ........1 2 ..........1

..................2 3 .................2

4 i 4

..........2 ..2

5 i  5

.....3 ......3

6 6

.................5 ...................5

7 i⠠ 7

................6 ...................6

8 - 8 -

..........7 .............7

i ..........8 ..........8

- -

i  -

....................13 ......................13

 

- -

ii

.....................16 .....................16

à

ii

....................18 .....................18

 


Iɠ Ҡ ɠ

 

ii i

 

. -I-

II

 

 

. --

Π .2.7-51-96

ߠ ( 10060.4-95)

 

Building materials

 

CONCRETES. STRUCTURE-MECHANI-

CAL RAPID D

FER DETERMINATION

OF FROST-RESISTANCE

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------

i 1997-04-01 1996-09-01

 

 

1 ߠ 1

 

-

i i i -

', i - 젠 ,

i i i -

i, - , -

-i ('- --

) - () -

ii i

i i -

i i i- -

i. .

 

2 I ߠ 2

 

i - 堠 -

i i -

: :

 

310.3-76 |. -

|,

|

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1770-74 | .

|, , , .

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5582-75 | -,

| .

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ii堠

 


8269-87 | ,

| .

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9871-75 | , -

| .

|

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Ӡ .2.7-47-96 |. ii.

|i

(Ҡ 10060.0-95) |. .

|

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10180-90 |.

|

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Ҡ 10181.4-81 | .

|

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Ҡ 23732-79 | .

|

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Ҡ 28570-90 |.

|,

 

 

3 ߠ 3

 

i i -

i i i 砠

.2.7-47 ( 10060.0). 10060.0.

 

4 ߠ 4

I II ί

 

4.1 - 4.1 -

, i i - ,

i  -

ii 10180

28570. 10180 28570.

 

4.2 , - 4.2 , -

i i- -

i (18+-2) 堠

. . (18+-2) . .

 

4.3 𠠠 4.3

-07. -07.

 

i . - . -

"-

" (141570, ࠠ "" (141570, -

., "", . - ., Ϡ "",

뺺) .)

 

4.4 ࠠ , 4.4 ,

ࠠ 󺠠 -

i 105 . i - 105 . -

蠠 -


 蠠 -

+-5 . . +-5 . .

 

4.5 , i - 4.5 , -

 蠠 -

+-0,01 . +-0,01 .

 

4.6 - 4.6 -

i. .

 

4.7 ࠠ i 砠 Ҡ 4.7 23732.

23732.

 

5 IȠ 5

ߠ

ߠ

 

5.1 ࠠ 5.1

ii - -

- -- - -.

.

 

5.2 䠠 젠 5.2 -

i : :

- i - 堠

i i 8269 8269 -

i 1 ; 1 ;

- ii  - 堠

ii i 砠 Ҡ 10181.4

10181.4 , 蠠 , ࠠ

i i -

- -

, .

 

5.3 i i i 5.3

i i- -

i 4.5-4.10 Ӡ 4.5-4.10 10060.0.

.2.7-47 ( 10060.0).

 

5.4 - i 5.4 -

i i i i

i 28570. 28570.

 

5.5 i i i 5.5

i 砠 4.11

4.11 Ӡ .2.7-47 (Ҡ 10060.0.

10060.0).

 

5.6 䠠 젠 5.6 -

i-i i-i - -

i i

i - -

: :

 

- m - - m -

i - -

, ; , ;

- ' V - - V -

, 3; , 3;


- - -

' 20-30 3, i 20-30 3,

mi - mi -

, ; , ;

- ' - - 5

i 5 , , -

蠠 (20+-2) (20+-2) . , -

. , 󠠠 -

i - mi,

mi, ; ;

- - - -

i i -

i (105+-5) .Ѡ  (105+-5) . -

i mi. mi.

 

5.7 i- 5.7 -

-i i i - i

ii, %: , %:

) i i 砠 )

i : :

- 󠠠 -

 

- 蠠 - -

 


1

-----------------------------------------------------------------

| | 5 |

| ࠠ |󠠠 |

| | 5 |

| |ࠠ |

| |------------------------------------------------|

| | 2,85 | 2,9 | 3,0 | 3,1 | 3,2 |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

|頠 | - | - | - | - | 4,1 |

|頠 | | | | | |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

|, ֠ | - | - | - | 4,7 | 4,6 |

|, ֠ | | | | | |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

|| - | - | 5,2 | 5,1 | - |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

|頠 | 6,1 | 6,1 | 6,0 | 5,9 | - |

| | | | | | |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

|֠ | 6,1 | 6,1 | 6,0 | 5,9 | - |

-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

) i i 砠 )

i : :

 

ϳ = {(mi - mci)/ [dw * V * (mi/mo)] - } *100 (2)

 

mi, mi, mi, m - - mi, mi, mi, m - -

i 5.6; 5.6;

dw- - dw -

(20+-2) , - (20+-2) . ,

1 /3; 1 /3;

- ii,i頠 - ,

' i , ⠠ ,

i䠠

蠠 i i 蠠 

(18+-2) . Ѡ ( (18+-2) . (

i 2). 2).

 

2

-----------------------------------------------------------------

| () -| | | | | | |

| |10 | 15 | 22,5 | 30 | 40 | 45 |

| () |--- | --- | ----- | --- | --- | --- |

| ࠠ |150 | 200 | 300 | 400 | 500 | 600 |

|堠 | | | | | | |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

| Ġ |0,02| 0,03| 0,04 | 0,05| 0,06| 0,07|

| Ġ | | | | | | |

-----------------------------------------------------------------

 

i . i- . -

-i i i - -

i i -

i ( 砠 (

i i -

i) - ) -

i (1) (1)

(1). (1,).


1 i Wi 1 Wi

Wi', - Wi', :

:

 

Wi' = {(mi - mci)/[dw * (mi/mo)]} * 1000 (2)

 

 

6 ߠ 6

ܠ

 

6.1 i - 6.1 -

i 2 i 2

i

ii i 砠

10180. 10180.

 

6.2 i 蠠 󠠠 6.2

i i砠 蠠 -

i i -

i - -

i 5 - 5 -

i i (18+-2) .. (18+-2) . .

 

 

-49- 6

 

6.3 i i - 6.3

i ⠠ -

i - -

ii i 

ii i- -

ii i. -

i

 

Ki = (R-)/(Rk-) (3)

 

Rk-, Ro- - i - Rk-,Ro- - -

i ii -

ii i -

, . , .

 

6.4 I .1 i .2 6.4 .1 .2

i-i -

i , -

, iii 頠 -

i - -

i max i min, - m min, -

iii i ii ⠠

m i min i - m min -

ii i - i -

 

 

Mi = Mmin + (Mmax - Mmin) * (Kmax - Ki)/(Kmax - Kmin) (4)

 

i - ii i - -

i ii ; -

;

m i mi - ii m mi - -

i ii -

ii , ; ,

;

m i min - ii - m min - -

i ii ii-

i ii -

. .

 

6.5 ii- 6.5 -

i  i-i- i -

i - -

ii min, i- mi, -

i i i m, i

i i i m, - m, i ,

ii i m,

min. mi.

 

7 - 7 -

I ߠ

 

7.1 ii - 7.1 -

 

 

ii 

, -i - , - -

i -

ii 0,004, 0,005, 0,006. 0,004, 0,005,

0,006.

i - -

i -

 

 

7.2 - 7.2 -

ࠠ - -

ii F,  i F , -

̠ F, F, -

Ӡ .2.7-47 10060.0.

( 10060.0).

 

8 ߠ - 8

I ߠ

 

ii i i 蠠

ii - ,

ࠠ -

, . , .

 

 

 

 

 

(') ()

 

ߠ

ί I

Ӡ

 

.1 i .1

 

i

i, .

ꠠ -

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i -07 i - -07

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ii 28 i. 28

.

i - - - -

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i i ii

, .

i - i- - -

i - -

i -

, .

󠠠 󠠠

 -

i , i - -

, ii ꠠ -

i. .

 

.2 蠠 .2

 

i- -

i 堠

i +-1 % ' - +-1 % -

i (20+-2) . , - (20+-2) ., -

 i - 砠 -

+-2 %. +-2 %.

 

.Ǡ i, - . , -

, i蠠 ,

 

1 -07. 1 -07.

 

2 i - 2 -

1 -

, 堠 1 , -

i 10 . 10 .

 

ii i ii 3 堠 -

50 i 500 i 1770. 50 500

1770.

 

4 i - 4

- i 砠 - 10180.

10180.

 

5 - i, - 5 - , -

, i - , -

, .

 

6 i 23732. 6 23732.

 

7 i 7 -

- -

i i Ҡ 310.3.

310.3.

 

8 砠 i젠 8 -

i (0-100) . Ѡ (0-100) .

i 9871. 9871.

 

.4 󠠠 .4

 

i - -

ii i -

i- ,

i, - 젠 䠠

i, i - , -

. .

i i - -

ii i ii

(20-25) .Ѡ i 3 (20-25) . 3 .

.

 

.5 .5

 

i 蠠 -

: :

- i, . C - , .

15-30 15-30

- i i, % - , %

30-80 30- 80

- , - ,

. . . 710 - 780 . . . 710 - 780

 

 

.6 .6

 

 

( .I) ( .I)

2, 1, - 2, 1, 3

3 i 6 i頠 6 -

i 7 i , ii 8, 7 , 8, -

i 9, 9, 4

4 i i 5. 5.

ii 2 i - 2 -

1 ii 750 1 -

i 500 3. i 6 i 750 500 3. 6

󺠠 i -

i 20 3. 20 3.

i i蠠 ࠠ i -

i: 10 ii : 10 0,8 3

0,8 3 i, .

 

ii 9-10 . 9-10 .

i렠 , , , , -

i - iࠠ -

12181-1 i 12181-1

5582. 5582.

 

.7 i .7

i

 

7.1 ii i ࠠ 7.1 -

- ࠠ ࠠ

. i - . -

6 - 6 -

(20+2) . . (20+-2) . .

 

7.2 - 7.2 -

i 蠠

' 500 . 500 3.

 

7.3 - 7.3 򠠠

i

i -

i. .

 

7.4 ࠠ 7.4 -

i

i i i砠 ⠠

i. ࠠ .

2-3 . i i䠠 2-3 .

. .

i䠠 砠 -

i i - -

i, .

i i 蠠 蠠

i - -

i i -

3-5 i i ࠠ 3-5

i i, -

. .

 

7.5 i ࠠ 7.5 -

ii 0 i 0

i . .

 

7.6 i 򠠠 7.6

i ii -

ii 0, 0, -

i .

.

 

i . ࠠ . -

() i i頠 () -

i 7.2-7.6 - 7.2-7.6 -

10 . 10 .

 

.8 i .8

 

8.1 i i, 8.1 , -

ii i i 蠠

-54- 11

 

ii,  ,

1 . iiꠠ i䠠 1 . -

ii 0. 0. -

' 젠

0,8 3. 0,8 3.

 

8.2 i ii 砠 8.2 3

3 . ii - .

-

i 7.4. 7.4.

 

8.3 ii i- 8.3

-

i i , - , ;

;

i - ;

; i 蠠 -

i; - ;

i -

, - , -

- ; -

i; 蠠 -

i i ; -

i; i ,

i, -

젠 ii i蠠 ; -

; - , -

, i - .

.

 

.9 - .9

ii

28 i. 28 .

 

9.1 i - 9.1 -

ii 28 i ࠠ 28

i ࠠ

i -07 3 ,

1000 - -07 3 ,

, i - 1000 , -

i .1. .1.

 

 

9.2 i 9.2 堠

delta(V1000) 1000 delta(V1000) 1000

3 i- 3

 

delta(V1000) = 1000 * delta(V)/.

 

delta(V)- i - : delta(V)- -

3 ii - 3

, i- , -

, 3; , 3;

 

- ii - -

, i- , -

- -

, .

 

9.3 ࠠ - 9.3

i deltaV1000 i i . deltaV1000 .1 -

1  -

i deltaVi' ii 28 deltaVi' 28 ,

i,

i / -

. .

 


(') ()

 

Ƞ - Ƞ ۠ -

II Π Ƞ -

I I 

 

. 1

 

|

󠠠 |

- | -

-----------------------------------------------------------------

|-- | , | |

| - | | - |

| , i, % | , | |

| | | |

| - | | |

| -| | -|

| , i, % | | 蠠 |

| |-----------------------------------------------|

| | Mmax | Mmin | Mmax | Mmin |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

| 0,5 | 863 | 863 | 1,00 | 1,00 |

| 1,0 | 625 | 625 | 1,01 | 1,01 |

| 1,5 | 573 | 558 | 1,04 | 1,02 |

| 2,0 | 534 | 505 | 1,08 | 1.03 |

| 2,5 | 503 | 465 | 1,13 | 1.03 |

| 3,0 | 475 | 433 | 1,17 | 1,04 |

| 3,5 | 453 | 403 | 1,21 | 1,04 |

| 4,0 | 430 | 378 | 1,26 | 1,05 |

| 4,5 | 413 | 353 | 1,30 | 1,06 |

| 5,0 | 398 | 330 | 1,35 | 1,06 |

| 5,5 | 380 | 309 | 1,39 | 1,07 |

| 6,0 | 365 | 295 | 1,44 | 1,08 |

| 6,5 | 351 | 290 | 1,48 | 1,09 |

| 7,0 | 338 | 253 | 1,53 | 1,09 |

| 7,5 | 328 | 235 | 1,57 | 1,10 |

| 8,0 | 315 | 215 | 1,61 | 1,11 |

| 8,5 | 300 | 200 | 1,66 | 1,11 |

| 9,0 | 295 | 185 | 1,70 | 1,11 |

| 9,5 | 289 | 170 | 1,74 | 1,12 |

| 10,0 | 280 | 158 | 1,78 | 1,12 |

| 10,5 | 273 | 143 | 1,80 | 1,13 |

| 11,0 | 265 | 130 | 1,84 | 1,13 |

| 11,5 | 258 | 120 | 1,86 | 1,13 |

| 12,0 | 253 | 108 | 1,89 | 1,14 |

| 12,5 | 245 | 98 | 1,91 | 1,14 |

| 13,0 | 240 | 88 | 1,94 | 1,15 |

| 13,5 | 235 | 80 | 1,96 | 1,15 |

| 14,0 | 230 | 73 | 1,98 | 1,16 |

| 14,5 | 223 | 65 | 1,99 | 1,16 |

| 15,0 | 220 | 59 | 2,03 | 1,16 |

| 15,5 | 216 | 53 | 2,03 | 1,17 |

| 16,0 | 213 | 47 | 2,04 | 1,18 |

| 16,5 | 210 | 43 | 2,05 | 1,18 |

-----------------------------------------------------------------


.1

-----------------------------------------------------------------

|-- | , | |

| - | | - |

| , i, % | , | |

| | | |

| - | | |

| -| | -|

| , i, % | | 蠠 |

| |-----------------------------------------------|

| | Mmax | Mmin | Mmax | Mmin |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

| 17,0 | 208 | 41 | 2,06 | 1,18 |

| 17,5 | 207 | 40 | 2,07 | 1,18 |

| 18,0 | 204 | 33 | 2,08 | 1,18 |

| 18,5 | 203 | 30 | 2,09 | 1,19 |

| 19,0 | 202 | 28 | 2,09 | 1,19 |

| 19,5 | 201 | 26 | 2,10 | 1,19 |

| 20,0 | 201 | 23 | 2,11 | 1,19 |

| 20,5 | 201 | 22 | 2,11 | 1,19 |

| 21,0 | 201 | 20 | 2,13 | 1,20 |

| 21,5 | 200 | 20 | 2,13 | 1,20 |

| 22,0 | 200 | 18 | 2,13 | 1,20 |

| 22,5 | 200 | 18 | 2,14 | 1,21 |

| 23,0 | 200 | 16 | 2,14 | 1,21 |

| 23,5 | 200 | 15 | 2,14 | 1,21 |

| 24,0 | 200 | 15 | 2,14 | 1,21 |

| 24,5 | 200 | 15 | 2,14 | 1,21 |

| 25,0 | 200 | 15 | 2,14 | 1,21 |

-----------------------------------------------------------------

 


.2

 

򳠠 |

󠠠 |

-----------------------------------------------------------------

|-- | , | |

| - | | - |

| , i, % | , | |

| | | |

| - | | |

| -| | -|

| , i, % | | 蠠 |

| |-----------------------------------------------|

| | Mmax | Mmin | Mmax | Mmin |

|---------------------------------------------------------------|

| 16,5 | 165 | 88 | 2,06 | 1,10 |

| 17,0 | 159 | 80 | 2,09 | 1,10 |

| 17,5 | 153 | 73 | 2,11 | 1,11 |

| 18,0 | 147 | 64 | 2,15 | 1,11 |

| 18,5 | 141 | 55 | 2,16 | 1,11 |

| 19,0 | 135 | 50 | 2,18 | 1,12 |

| 19,5 | 130 | 44 | 2,19 | 1,12 |

| 20,0 | 125 | 38 | 2,20 | 1,12 |

| 20,5 | 120 | 33 | 2,21 | 1,12 |

| 21,0 | 118 | 29 | 2,22 | 1,12 |

| 21,5 | 113 | 25 | 2,22 | 1,12 |

| 22,0 | 110 | 21 | 2,23 | 1,13 |

| 22,5 | 108 | 18 | 2,23 | 1,13 |

| 23,0 | 105 | 16 | 2,23 | 1,13 |

| 23,5 | 103 | 15 | 2,23 | 1,13 |

| 24,0 | 102 | 15 | 2,23 | 1,13 |

| 24,5 | 101 | 14 | 2,24 | 1,13 |

| 25,0 | 100 | 13 | 2,24 | 1,14 |

-----------------------------------------------------------------


 

(ii) ()

 

Π -

I-

I Ӡ

 

1 ii i. 1 . -

(/3):

- 400, i - 691, (/3): - 400, -

i - 1089, - 172. 691, - 1089, - 172.

i

i i: - :

-400, gamma 

= 3,1 /3; i i頠 -400, gamma = 3,1 /3, -

"", 1400, 頠

i/ 5-25 ; i - "", 1400, 5 -

, = 2,0. - 25 ; = 2.

 6 i-i⠠ 6 -

i 100100100 . 100100100 .

i . -

.

i ⠠

ii 28 i i 28 -

0,037 3 / 0,037 0,037 3/

/. - 0,037 /. -

i i 5.7 - -

i 1% i - . 5.7 1 %

.

 

2 i - 2 -

ii

ii 28 i. 28 .

 

i - 3 -

i .2.7-47 10060.0.

( 10060.0).

 

4 - 4 -

ii. .

 

4.1 i- 4.1 -

-i i - - -

(1) : ࠠ (1) :

i 0,037 /; 5 = 5,1 0,037 /; 5 = 5,1

(i 1); Wi ( 1);

= 172 - 1780 0,01 = 154,2 ; Wi=172-17800,01=154,2 ;

' i -

i V = 0. V = 0.

 

4.2 i- 4.2 --

i i ⠠ -

ii 28 i (1): 28 (1):

 

ϳ = (154,2 - 5,1 * 0,037 * 400)/10 = 7,8 %

 

4.3 ii - 4.3 -

i - -

Ӡ .2.7-47 10060.0 -

( 10060.0) i  

⠠ Ri Ri

Ri i Ri , , :

:

 

R1=28,3 R2=30,7 R3=32,5

 

R1=49,2 R2=45,1 R3=48,1

 

4.4 i - 4.4 -

i i- 堠

i -

: :

 

Rk- = (28,3 + 30,7 + 32,5)/3 = 30,5 ,

 

Ro- = (40,2 + 45,1 + 48,1)/3 = 44,5 .

 

4.5 - 4.5 -

ii i ii ࠠ

- -

i (3): (3):

 

ʳ = 44,5/30,5 = 1,46

 

4.6 I i .1 i = 4.6 .1 i =

7,8 % ii - 7,8 % -

: m = 320, min = 223, : m = 320, min = 223,

m = 1,59, min = 1,11 i 砠 m = 1,59, min = 1,11

i= 1,46 - i = 1,46

ii ,

, (4):

(4):

 

Mi = 223+(320-223)*(1,59-1,46)/(1,59 - 1,46) = 249

 

4.7 4.7 -

- -

ii -

: :

- i - - -

i - -

i⠠ ࠠ -

ii i -

i 󠠠

(7) i (8): (7) (8):

 

 

4.8 - 4.8 -

i i

=249*(1-0,09)=227 i. M=249*(1-0,09 ) = 227 .

- -

󠠠 ࠠ -

ii F200 (  200 ( ̠

F i 3 Р

.2.7-47 ( 10060.0). 10060.0).

à

(') ()

 

ii 󠠠

 


ʠ 19

 

i : i- : -

i i, ii - , -

-

i, - , -

, ii i - , -

ii -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

- ..

' - ..

ii - ..

"i": ֻ ( . , . . , 2; /. 249-34-04 )